The dark web is known for making criminal activities hard to trace. Also, threat actors and crime groups use the dark web to stay almost undetectable. This makes it very hard for organizations to take proactive or reactive action. Since their physical location is hidden, which jurisdiction applies is also unclear. This means that threat actors can easily use the anonymity of the dark web to plan and execute a multitude of criminal acts without being caught. Some of these crimes include: phishing and ransomware attacks, selling leaked and stolen credentials, espionage, extortion, human trafficking, money laundering, buying and selling drugs, and acts of terror.
All kinds of threat actors use the dark web, from terrorists and criminal organizations to lone wolves, hackers, and other threat actors. They use dark web websites, forums, message boards, etc. to plan and carry out their acts or for payments in cryptocurrencies.